- Optimized for laser diode pulse testing
- Suitable for production and laboratory environments
- Built-in germanium detector
- Works seamlessly with Model 2520
- Bar- or chip-level LIV production testing of:
- 980 or 1480 EDFA pump lasers
- Raman amplifiers
- Telecommunication laser diodes
- High power telecommunication VCSELs
- Input port diameter: 0.25 in. (6.35mm)
- Recommended calibration cycle: 1 year
- Operating temperature: 0°- 50°C
The Keithley 2520INT-1-GE-1-GE 1 in. Integrating Sphere with Germanium Detector is designed to optimize the Model 2520 Pulsed Laser Diode Test System's optical power measurement capabilities. It allows the testing of devices with pulse widths as short as 500ns. The short pulses of the Model 2520 combined with the speed of the Model 2520INT-1-GE make them ideal for measuring the optical power of laser diodes at the bar or chip level, before these devices are integrated into temperature-controlled modules. When connected to the Model 2520 via a low noise triax cable, the Keithley 2520INT-1-GE allows the Model 2520 to make direct, high accuracy measurements of a laser diode's optical power; these results are expressed in milliwatts.
Designed Specifically for Pulsed Laser Diode Testing
Keithley developed the 2520INT-1-GE to address the challenges specific to pulse testing laser diodes, which include short pulse periods and fast rise times. For example, when testing laser diodes in pulse mode, the optical head used must provide a response that is fast enough to measure light pulses as short as 500ns. Many optical power detectors are hampered by long rise times, so they can only measure a portion of the laser diode's light output. Even when using a "fast" detector, many detectors are not good for analog signal measurement. By linking the Model 2520 with the optimum combination of sphere and detector characteristics, Keithley provides the low-level sensitivity needed to ensure accurate pulse measurements.
Easier Laser Diode Power Measurements
An integrating sphere is inherently insensitive to variations in the beam profile produced by a device under test (DUT). The Model 2520INT-1-GE's interior is highly reflective Spectralon, which scatters, reflects, and diffuses the source beam that the DUT produces. This spreads the light from the DUT uniformly over the sphere's interior surface with minimal absorption loss. The detector, which reads the amount of optical power produced by the DUT, is mounted on the interior surface. Due to the multiple diffuse reflections within the sphere, the amount of optical radiation that strikes the detector is the same as that which falls on any other point on the sphere's interior. To convert the attenuated signal measured by the detector into an accurate optical power measurement, the sphere and detector are calibrated as a unit.
Simplifies Beam Alignment
In a typical laser diode manufacturing line, the laser diode is not coupled to an optical fiber until the final stages of the packaging process. Therefore, any pulse testing performed on a laser diode at the bar- or chip-level would require a difficult and time-consuming beam alignment process in order to focus all of the diode's output on the optical detector.
To ensure acceptance of the complete beam with maximum divergence angles, the sphere can be located up to 3 millimeters from the DUT, positioned so the diode's light output enters the 1/4-inch port on the sphere's side. Any light that enters the sphere is captured in the measurement taken by the Model 2520.
Attenuation of Laser Diode Output
Detectors usually have a maximum power limit of a few milliwatts before the detector is over-saturated. The Keithley 2520INT-1-GE Integrating Sphere is highly reflective Spectralon interior surface eliminates the problem of detector saturation. This coating reflects and diffuses the light output from the DUT uniformly over the interior surface of the sphere, which inherently attenuates the level of power read by the built-in detector. The power level at any point on the sphere's interior surface is far less than the power level of a beam that falls directly on the detector. This allows testing much higher power devices without risking detector damage. The Model 2520INT-1-GE's design attenuates the power output of a laser diode by approximately 100:1.
Optimized for Telecommunications Wavelengths
The Model 2520INT-1-GE's germanium detector is capable of detecting wavelengths from 800-1700nm. The detector and the sphere are calibrated as a unit in 10nm increments at wavelengths that are of particular interest for laser diode testing (950-1010nm and 1280-1620nm). Calibration constants are provided in printed form as well as in CSV format on a floppy diskette to simplify programming them into a test system. When combined with the Model 2520INT-1-GE, the Model 2520 Pulsed Laser Diode Test system is capable of measuring power ranging from 14.5mW to 7W, depending on the wavelength (see the specifications for power ranges by wavelengths of interest).
Fiber Tap for Additional Measurements
The Keithley 2520INT-1-GE offers production test engineers the flexibility to decrease overall testing time by supporting multiple optical measurements simultaneously. An additional port on the sphere is compatible with an SMA connector; together, the port and fiber tap can be used to output a fraction of the measured light to an external instrument (such as a spectrometer), via a multimode fiber for additional optical measurements.
Eliminates Back Reflections
During testing, the stability of a laser diode can be significantly affected by back reflections from objects in the optical path. The geometry of the Model 2520INT-1-GE and the diffusing properties of its reflective interior help prevent back reflection and ensure greater device stability during testing.
Production or Laboratory Environments
A slight curvature on the face of the sphere makes Model 2520INT-1-GE easier to integrate into an automated test system. This curvature allows additional room to connect the sphere to the DUT electrically and simplifies integration with other system components.
The Keithley 2520INT-1-GE is designed with four strategically located mounting holes for flexible mounting on laboratory tables or in automated test fixtures. Two of the holes are sized to accommodate metric fixtures, while the other two are designed for use with English fixtures. The Model 2520INT-1-GE comes with a 1/4-20 base and post.
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